The image above is a 10' x 10' exhibit available by contacting our Eastern Civil War Office. Please contact Si.Lawrence@ncmail.net for information.

Maps . . .

Learn about our geography, follow the action in some of North Carolina's largest battles, view the grounds of some of our state historic sites, or follow our Civil War Trails:

North Carolina

The State

North Carolina Geography
From the western highlands to the Atlantic Ocean, North Carolina stretches more than 560 miles across three distinct geographical regions: the Mountains, the Piedmont, and the Coastal Plain. The state covers nearly 54,000 square miles of land and inland waters. The barrier islands in the east are known as the Outer Banks, and the coast features three capes: Cape Fear, Cape Lookout, and Cape Hatteras. ZOOM & PAN FOR DETAIL. (PDF)

Slave Population in North Carolina 1860
Percentage of total population by county, showing approximate wartime county boundaries. North Carolina's interior borders have changed at least three times since the Civil War; and since 1912, the state has had a total of 100 counties. (PDF)


2nd Bombardment of Fort Fisher

Campaigns and Battles

Full State Overview
Cities, towns, railroads, and waterways principal battles and campaigns. ZOOM FOR DETAIL. (PDF)

North Carolina Civil War Soldiers
Follow them through the conflict

FORT FISHER January 13-15, 1865
Detailed structure map with cross sections, including Battery Buchanan.

Fort Fisher Assault and Capture
January 15, 1865: 3:30 p.m. - Midnight
Attack of Union infantry, sailors, and marines; and the Confederate retreat to Battery Buchanan. Atlas Preview ZOOM FOR DETAIL. (PDF)

Cape Fear Estuary and Approaches to Wilmington
The Cape Fear River Defense System (PDF)

Port of Wilmington
Inner and outer defenses from a Confederate map, 1863 (PDF)

Port of Wilmington
Inner defenses, points of interest, and Federal works from a Union map made after the fall of Wilmington, February 1865 (PDF)

The Federal Blockade
Union blockade regions, and patrol lines of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron at Cape Fear. (PDF)

Sebastopol Defenses - Crimean War (1854-1856)
Col. William Lamb's inspiration for Fort Fisher including the Malakoff Tower, Great Redan, Little Redan, and the Battery of the Point. (PDF)

2nd Bombardment of Fort Fisher
January 13-15, 1865
The beginning of the end for Wilmington and blockade-running. (PDF)

Opposing Lines on Federal Point
January 14, 1865
Union troops make an amphibious landing on Federal Point and establish a strong position between Fort Fisher at Hoke's Confederates at Sugar Loaf. (PDF)

Union Ground Assault on Fort Fisher (1)
January 15, 1865: 3:30 p.m. - Dark
Attack of U.S. sailors and marines. (PDF)

Union Ground Assault on Fort Fisher (2)
January 15, 1865: 3:30 - 6:00 p.m.
Attack of U.S. Army infantry brigades. (PDF)

Advance of Abbott's Union Brigade
January 15, 1865: 6:00 - 9:00 p.m.
The final push against the Confederates. (PDF)

Fall of Fort Fisher
January 15, 1865: 9:00 p.m. - Midnight
Advance of the 27th U.S. Colored Troops and Abbott's brigade, Confederate retreat to Battery Buchanan, and surrender. (PDF)


WILMINGTON CAMPAIGN February 1865

Fort Anderson Detailed structure map.
As part of the Cape Fear River defense system, Fort Anderson guarded the western approaches to Wilmington. During the Union advance on the port city, Fort Anderson was bombarded and captured, February 18-19, 1865. Wilmington fell on February 22. Atlas Preview ZOOM FOR DETAIL. (PDF)


Battle of Bentonville - 1st Day - March 19, 1865

BATTLE OF BENTONVILLE March 19-21, 1865
Maps from roadside pull-off exhibits on the battlefield:

Confederate High Tide
March 19, 1865: 4:30 p.m. - Dark
The final Confederate attacks on the first day of battle Morris Farm and South of the Goldsboro Road. (PDF)

Union Artillery
March 19, 1865: Late Afternoon - Dark
Union defense of the Morris Farm, including positions of the XX Corps artillery. Also includes final actions south of the Goldsboro Road on the first day of battle. (PDF)

Cole's Plantation
March 19, 1865: 2:45 - 3:45 p.m.
Main charge of the Confederate Army of Tennessee and Taliaferro's Division, including the rout of Carlin's Union division and Fearing's counterattack. (PDF)

Hoke's Attack
March 19, 1865: 3:45 - 4:30 p.m.
Attack of Hoke's Confederate division on Morgan's Union position south of the Goldsboro Road. Also includes elements of the Army of Tennessee in rear of Morgan, and the advance of Cogswell's Union brigade. (PDF)

Morgan's Stand
March 19, 1865: 3:45 - 4:30 p.m.
Morgan's struggle to maintain position south of the Goldsboro Road. Includes attack of Hoke's Confederate division, elements of the Army of Tennessee in rear of Morgan, and the advance of Cogswell's Union brigade. (PDF)

N.C. Junior Reserves
March 19-20, 1865
First position at Cole's Farm on March 19, and change of position on March 20, 1865. Also includes approach of the Union Right Wing, with overview of maneuvers on March 20. (PDF)

Mower's Charge
March 21, 1865: 12:00 p.m. - Dark
Advance of Mower's Union division toward the village of Bentonville and Mill Creek Bridge, with positions of Fuller's and Tillson's brigades. Also includes a portion of the extended engagement between the Confederate Hoke-McLaws line and the Union Right Wing. (PDF)

Hardee's Countertattack
March 21, 1865: Mid-Afternoon - Dark
Confederate counterattack on Mower's Union division, showing defense of Mill Creek Bridge and flood of reserves to the Confederate left flank. Also includes a portion of the extended engagement between the Confederate Hoke-McLaws line and the Union Right Wing. (PDF)

Skirmish at Hannah's Creek
March 22, 1865
Final action of the Battle of Bentonville. Confederate retreat and Federal pursuit by the 26th Illinois Infantry. CIVIL WAR TRAILS. (PDF)


State Capitol Building

Historic Sites

Bentonville Battlefield
Visitor Center, Harper House, Monuments, Confederate Mass Grave, Harper Family Cemetery, Breastwork Exhibits, and History Trail. (PDF)

Bentonville Battlefield - Driving Tour
Historic Site, Tour Stops, Roadside Exhibits, Civil War Trails Signs, Highway Historical Markers, and Points of Interest. ZOOM FOR DETAIL - 5 MB.(PDF) Key to Highway Historical Markers (PDF).

Bentonville Battlefield - Cole's Plantation Tour Stop
Terrain with troop position overlays. Action: main Confederate attack, defeat of Carlin's Union division, and Fearing's Union counterattack. 2:45-3:45 p.m., March 19, 1865. ZOOM FOR DETAIL - 10 MB.(PDF)

Fort Fisher
Grounds and Walking Tour - Visitor Center, Earthen Remains of Fort Fisher, Shepherd's Battery, Wayside Exhibits, Battle Acre, and Battery Buchanan. (PDF)

Fort Anderson
Grounds and Walking Tour - Visitor Center, Earthen Remains of Fort Anderson, Foundation Ruins of Colonial Brunswick Town, and Wayside Exhibits. (PDF)

Somerset Place
The Collins mansion and enslaved community complex at Somerset Plantation (1785-1865). (PDF)

State Capitol
Building, grounds, and monuments. (PDF)

Historic Stagville
Stagville Plantation Visitor Center, the Bennehan House, Slave Cabins at Horton Grove, and the Great Barn. (PDF)

Bennett Place
Visitor Center, Unity Monument, reconstructed Bennett House, Kitchnen, Smokehouse, and grounds. (PDF)


NC Civil War Trails

Civil War Trails

North Carolina
Full state overview (PDF)

Carolinas Campaign - End of the War
Features detailed listings for the Carolinas Campaign, as well as the Confederate Lifeline, Coastal Expeditions, Foster's Raid, and other sites. (PDF)

North Carolina Civil War Atlas

A main component of the Sesquicentennial commemoration will be a full-color comprehensive atlas of the Civil War in North Carolina, to be published online.

Committee member Mark A. Moore is authoring this project, with content guided by our internal staff and academic advisory panel. The atlas will feature detailed maps, illustrations, and text covering all facets of the war years in North Carolina: military campaigns and battles, slavery and the African American experience, agriculture, industry, religion, home front, population, and related topics.

Forthcoming from Savas Beatie in 2015.